Radio Stations: SABC Radio Stations
Topic: Scarce skills careers for women in the field of Science, Engineering, Mining, Construction and Public works Sector
Original Script Written by: Celimpilo Khumalo
Programme Date: 12 – 15 August 2019
Target Audience: The general publics
The entire programme runs for 30 minutes; which includes PSAs.
Opening Billboard: ‘This programme is brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training in partnership with SABC Education’.
Presenter: Good day and a warm welcome to all our listeners. It is time for another exciting episode of Khetha, brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET) in partnership with SABC Education. The Government of South Africa declared August women’s month and 9 August is celebrated annually as Women’s Day. As we celebrate women’s month we encourage the public, particularly women, to consider choosing occupations that are identified as scares skills in our country which can be obtained in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) colleges.
Today we will be bringing the excitement of TVET Colleges formerly known as Further Education and Training (FET) as an option of choice. South Africa (SA) has 50 TVET Colleges in alleviating skills shortage and advancing the economic growth of the country. TVET Colleges are important because they cater for a wide range of education and training opportunities at post school level. The department has declared August as TVET month.
Today we are joined in the studio by our guest speaker from the Department of Higher Education and Training who will tell us about TVET colleges. It’s good to have you on the show ********.
Guest: Thank you******** and greetings to you and the listeners.
Presenter: What is a TVET College?
Guest: Technical and Vocational Education and Training colleges are established and operate under the FET Act of 2006. The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (Section 29 (1)-(4)) states that everyone has the right to basic and further education in the official language of their choice, in public educational institutions where the education is reasonably practical. Technical Vocational Education and Training fits in the education system. The South African education system is administered by the Department of Basic Education (DBE) and the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET). DBE administers general school education from Grade R to Grade 12. DHET administers Post-School Education and Training and this is where TVET Colleges are accommodated.
There are 50 registered and accredited public TVET Colleges in South Africa which operate on more than 264 campuses spread across the rural and urban areas of the country.
Presenter: What study programmes are offered at these 50 TVET colleges?
Guest: TVET Collegesoffer different qualifications in the field of business studies, engineering studies and skills programmes. These qualifications are vocational.
TVET Colleges offer two (2) types of qualifications namely:
NCV programmes are delivered under the auspices of the Department of Higher Education and Training and quality assured by Umalusi. The programmes integrate theory and practice and provide students with a broad range of knowledge and practical skills within specific industry fields.
Examples of some of those qualifications are:
NATED / Report 191 programmes are delivered under the support of the DHET and quality assured by Umalusi. The programmes consist of 18 months theoretical studies at colleges and 18 months relevant practical application in work places for business and utility studies that range from N4-N6. Engineering studies range from N1 – N6. After the completion of N6, students are required to go through 24 months relevant practical application in the work place.
NATED courses lead to artisan related occupations. When students successfully complete a trade test, they become registered as artisans.
Examples of some of those qualifications are:
ü Business Studies:
ü Engineering studies:
Presenter: Are there other programmes offered at TVET colleges?
Guest: Yes there are Skills Programmes offered at TVET Colleges. Skills programmes are occupationally based and when completed, provide credits towards a full qualification registered on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF). It is a shorter version of a learnership and is meant to address short term needs with long term benefits. The intention is for skills programmes to ultimately lead to a qualification. There are people who dropped out of school in grade 8 and want to obtain a particular skill, such people can utilize skills programmes offered at TVET Colleges.
These programmes are based on a cluster of NQF registered unit standards and are offered under the auspices of Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs) and quality assured by Sector Education and Training Authority Education and Training Quality Assurance (SETA ETQA). Skills programmes can build up to a full qualification.
Some examples of these skills programmes are:
Listeners are encouraged to check with their nearest TVET colleges for more information on the qualifications offered.
Presenter: What is the difference between a National Vocational Certificate (NCV) and a National Senior Certificate (NSC)?
Guest: There seems to be a myth that an NCV level 4 certificate is not as good as an NSC; this is not true at all. The NSC has a theory based approach, while the NCV has a theory and practical/vocational approach which means that after completing an NCV qualification, a learner is able to apply for a specific job.
The NCV qualifications were introduced into the education system in 2007. As with the Grade 12 National Senior Certificate (NSC) qualification, the NCV Level 4 qualification is a 130-credit qualification which is registered on level 4 of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF). NCV Level 4 graduates need to successfully complete NCV Level 2, 3 and 4 (i.e. NQF levels 2, 3 and 4) before they are issued an NCV Level 4 certificate from Umalusi.
As with the Grade 12 NSC qualification, an NCV graduate has completed 3 years of study and can access higher certificate, diploma and degree study programmes offered at higher education institutions if they meet the required entry requirements.
NCV differs from NSC in a sense that NCV programmes integrate theory and practice and provide students with a broad range of knowledge and practical skills within specific industry fields. An NCV level 4 certificate is a work based qualification that one gets from a TVET college while an NSC is a qualification that one obtains from an academic institution. Both these qualification are registered on NQF Level 4, which means that they are equivalent to each other.
Presenter: What support can students get at TVET Colleges?
Guest: TVET colleges have Student Support Services (SSS) that are available at most public TVET Colleges. Generally, the student support is focused on both academic and the broader social/psychological needs of students.
Student support services are services that provide support and welfare services and programmes to students at TVET Colleges. These services are important as they help the student to navigate their educational environment and can have a significant influence on academic performance.
The student support services include:
Public TVET colleges try as far as possible to facilitate job shadowing and practical workplace opportunities for students. Many campuses also operate simulated enterprises to expand the need for practical exposure related to the course of study. TVET Colleges assist students to access workplace opportunities during and on completion of their studies (Placement).
In an effort to ensure that courses are responsive to the needs of commerce and industry, public colleges go to great lengths to secure linkages and partnerships with key role-players in commerce and industry and with the Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs). A number of colleges have a management division dedicated to this aspect.
Presenter: What are other DHET initiatives to support TVET college students?
Guest:The First Things First (HIV/STI/TB) campaign is a public-private partnership initiative led by Higher Education and Training HIV/AIDS (HEAIDS). As a campaign brand “First Things First” speaks to the priority of HIV Counselling and Testing (HCT). HCT is basic to the efforts to mitigate the spread of HIV and AIDS. To know one’s HIV status is the basis for caring for oneself, one’s loved ones, and the broader community. To test HIV negative calls for behaviour to stay HIV negative through responsibility against HIV risk. To test HIV positive calls for precautions to protect oneself further and others, and to be enrolled in wellness and treatment, care and support programmes.
The Work Integrated Learning (iWIL) is an initiative brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET). The system aims to promote the development of a credible and appropriate source of information that can be utilised by industry to place learners/students/graduates for the purposes of Workplace Based Learning. It is important to note that iWIL is not an employment service, and that almost all workplace based learning opportunities will not provide you with a salary or any type of compensation.
Further information can be found in the SSS offices at campuses.
There are also services offered mainly for engineering students through the National Artisan Development Support Centre (NADSC) which is considered as a One-stop-shop support center for Artisan Development in South Africa. The main purpose of NADSC is to provide learners with workplace experience, and also to equip learners with necessary skills for them to pass their trade test and become qualified artisans. It also addresses the scarce skills shortage in the country by developing artisans, creating better employment opportunities.
NADSC further provides support to the National Artisan Development (NAD) program by facilitating the placement of (artisan/engineering learners) from all 50 TVET Colleges on learnership programs with industry partners.
Presenter: What are available opportunities after TVET Colleges?
Guest: Students can get access to job opportunities or consider the entrepreneurship route (open their businesses) in the field of their skills acquired. Under certain conditions, some students may qualify for admission to a University of Technology or Universities to continue their studies at a higher level in the same field of study as they were studying at the TVET College.
Presenter: When can applicants start to apply and what are the entry requirements at TVET College?
Guest: application dates differ from one institution to another and programme offered. Prospective students are encouraged to apply as early as possible, preferably by August of the preceding year particularly for NCV programme. Applicants can use their final grade 9 results when applying for NCV programme. For Nated programmes learners must have grade 12, it is important that they use latest results received. Use this TVET month period to familiarise yourselves with programmes offered in TVET colleges.
Some TVET colleges use a selection mechanism as part of the admissions process such as placement tests. The placement Test is a diagnostic test that identifies the strength and weaknesses of students in fundamental subject and assists in determining the course in which the student is most interested in and suited to. All students must do a placement test particularly when they want to enroll for NCV. The result will determine whether they qualify for a specific course. Career guidance is offered to each individual after the test. Listeners have to contact their nearest TVET College to get more information on the entry requirements.
Before submitting relevant application or registration forms make sure that:
It is very important to enquire well on time at the TVET College you want to study at about the important closing dates for application and registration.
Presenter: Are there funding opportunities available at TVET Colleges.
Guest: The National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) bursary is available to applicants who qualify (financially needy but academically deserving students) and are registered for approved programmes (NCV or Report 191, Nated). Applicants must complete and sign a financial aid application available from the financial aid officer at the campus where they want to study. The college will administer a DHET NSFAS means test to see if applicants qualify for financial assistance. Students can also enquire about other funding options available.
Presenter: Any closing remark?
Guest:Learners are encouraged to consider Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Colleges as option of choice because the skills needs of the country necessitate the massive production of artisans from TVET colleges. TVET training can also be used as an alternative to further studies at other institutions of higher. My advice is that if you are unemployedand would like to get skills you can consider TVET colleges. I also encourage women to take lead in occupying scares and critical skills in the country. Listeners can contact the DHET Career Development Services (CDS) Helpline to get advice on careers. We also encourage learners to consider studying at the TVET Colleges nearby their areas.
Presenter: Thank you. So how can one get in touch with you if they need further information?
Guest: For more information our listeners can reach us through:
To listen to Khetha podcasts, visit SABC Education platform at http://iono.fm/p/230
Closing Billboard “The Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology Dr Blade Nzimande will be launching the first Maritime Academy in a TVET College. The launch will take place on Tuesday 6 August 2019 at Mfolozi TVET College, Esikhawini Campus, Richards Bay”.