This week on Khetha #13

Radio Stations: SABC Radio Stations

Topic: Career Choice
Original Script Written by: Dipuo Tseke

Programme Date: 1 - 8 April 2019
Week: 13
Target Audience: The General public

Script Notes:

  • The programme is entitled: Career Choice
  • This script will be translated to other official languages and broadcast on 10Broadcasting Services (PBS) radio stations.
  • The programme is characterised by the radio presenter and a guest from the Department of Higher Education and Training.
  • The radio presenter is the main anchor of the programme and he/she will control the activities on the programme.

The objectives of this programme are:

  • To assist learners and students to make informed career choices.

The entire programme runs for 30 minutes; which includes Public Services announcements (PSAs).

Opening Billboard: ‘This programme is brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training in partnership with SABC Education.’

Programme Introduction

Presenter: Thank you for joining us for another informative episode of Khetha. Our topic today is career choice. Today we are going to discuss the importance of making a career choice and the process that is involved. We welcome our guest to the show!

Presenter: What is a career and why is it important to talk about career choice?

Guest: A career is frequently understood to relate to the work an individual does. The term career is used to describe an occupation or a profession that usually involves special training or formal education. A career is an individual's journey through learning, work and other aspects of life, such as recreation or health and wellbeing.

Career choice refers to the decisions people make or remake about their careers and work. It is important to talk about career choice because there are many misconceptions about making a career choice. Previously, career choice was seen as a fixed decision, such as spending your whole life working as a teacher, doctor or social worker until you retire. Currently, careers are constructed, meaning that the choice can be altered to suit your needs and changing interests.

For instance, a person can be a secretary, accountant and teacher in one lifetime. So just because you have decided to become a chartered accountant does not mean that you are stuck as a chartered accountant. As you grow, you change and your career may change. So we want to communicate to our listeners that the choice you make today is important however, it is not fixed. Therefore, we can say that making a career choice is a continuous process. Career choice entails gaining self-understanding, obtaining knowledge about the world of work, and integrating information about one’s self and the world of work.

Presenter: When is a career choice made? Who should make a career choice?

Guest: The process of making a career choice begins in the early stages of our lives. It can start in grade 9 when you have to make a choice about which subjects you are going to take through to matric. Choosing a set of subjects for grade 10 is very important. The subjects you choose when entering grade 10-12 can determine and influence your future career options. Therefore, it is important to think hard about your long term dreams and goals and use them to guide you on which subjects to choose.

It is important that before a person can choose an ideal career, he/she must learn about him or herself. He/she can use self-assessment tools, often called career tests, to gather information about his/her traits and subsequently, to generate a list of careers that are a good fit based on them.

During self-assessment you gather information about yourself in order to make an informed career decision. A self-assessment should include a look at your values, interests, personality, abilities and academic potential. These factors collectively serve as a better indicator of career success than any one does separately. Parents and guardians can support you in the process of making an informed career choice however, it is important that they do not make the decision for you because it can affect you in a long run. The career choosing process is an individual’s responsibility.

Presenter: What aspects should one look at when making a career choice?

Guest: When making a career choice you need to look at different aspects such your abilities, values, interests and personality.

  • Abilities are the activities you are good at, such as writing, computer programming and teaching. An ability may be a natural skill or one you acquired. When deciding what field to enter, you need to determine what your aptitudes/abilities are. In addition to looking at what you're good at, you should consider what you enjoy. You may be very proficient at a particular skill, but despise every second you spend using it. Generally speaking, though, you usually enjoy what you do well.
  • Values are the things that are important to you, like achievement, status and independence. Your values are possibly the most important things to consider when you're choosing a career. If you don't take your values into account when planning your career, there's a good chance you'll dislike your work and therefore not succeed in it.
  • Interests are what you enjoy doing, do you prefer to spend a day at the beach reading or surfing? Would you rather build a bookshelf or balance a checkbook? Which sounds better to you: completing a project independently or being part of a team? There are no right or wrong answers to any of these questions. How you respond merely indicates your preferences, for example which activities you enjoy, what type of work you like to do and how you prefer to work. These preferences are called interests.
  • Personality is a person's individual traits, motivational drives, needs and attitudes. Certain careers are more suitable for particular personality types than others are.
  • Academic potential; this includes intelligence and aptitude. Intelligence consists of various factors that represent judgment, reasoning, problem solving, and learning ability, while aptitude refers to the potential to acquire skills through training and experience - that is, skills related to intelligence or specific aptitudes such as artistic, musical or mechanical aptitudes.

Presenter: That is very interesting, could you please tell us what the link between subject choice and career choice is?

Guest: Choosing subjects in Grade 9 is probably one of the most important and exciting decisions that a learner has to do in preparation for their future. It may seem very daunting but asking the right questions, learners will be able to make informed decisions especially by linking the subjects with the careers they would like to pursue. For example: If a learner is interested in being a Chartered Accountant, they are required to take Mathematics and not Mathematical Literacy. It is very important that learners ask themselves the following questions:

  • What am I passionate about?
  • What do I like doing?
  • Which careers would I like to pursue? What are the compulsory subjects required?
  • What subjects do I enjoy at school?
  • Which subjects am I good at? Are they also the subjects I enjoy?
  • What are my marks in these subjects?
  • Can I see myself studying further?
  • What careers support my subject choice?
  • If my marks are low can I improve them?

It is important to note that whatever subjects that a learner chooses, it’s important to get good results. Working hard and getting good marks may help one to get admission into the institution of their choice.

Presenter: You mentioned that working hard and getting good marks may help a learner to get admission into the institution of choice. How is this important when making a career choice?

Guest: It is important for a learner to work hard and get good marks for the qualification they want to pursue.Applicants need to be aware that institutions indicate only the minimum admission requirements for their programme. Therefore meeting the minimum requirements does not guarantee admission to the programme. The competition is high and requirements are strict and firm. It is important to note that each institution has its own requirements for the programmes that they offer.

It is important to evaluate yourself on a regular basis with regards to the marks that you are currently obtaining at school. This can assist in improving your school marks and will motivate you to work hard.

Presenter: What resources are available to assist a person to make an informed career choice?

Guest: The Career Development Services developed a careers portal called the National Career Advice Portal (NCAP), which is an initiative by the Department of Higher Education and Training.

The National Career Advice Portal (NCAP) is an online self-help tool designed to facilitate informed career and study decisions for people of all ages. It contains information on occupations, learning pathways, public further and higher education institutions and qualifications they offer. NCAP is based on the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFO), which is a South African system for classification of all occupations.

NCAP is designed to facilitate informed career and study decisions. It entails the following components:

Career Choice Questionnaires: NCAP has self-exploration questionnaires that can assist users in the process of making a career decision. These questionnaires are;

The NCAP Interest Questionnaire - the NCAP Interest Questionnaire aims to help you identify activities or tasks that you would prefer doing (those you like) and those you would not prefer doing (those you dislike). The results will lead you to career/study fields that are linked to your interests.

The NCAP Abilities Questionnaire - the NCAP Abilities Questionnaire aims to help you identify talents, skills or abilities you may or may not have. The results will lead you to specific career/study fields that are linked to you talents, skills or abilities.

The NCAP Values Questionnaire - the NCAP Values Questionnaire aims to help you identify the working environments you would prefer the most and the one you would least prefer. The results will provide you with guidance on how to plan your career while considering where you would like to work.

To visit the NCAP, you can use the following URL:http://ncap.careerhelp.org.za . You can use your smart phones or desk tops to access NCAP.

Presenter: What other support services are available?

Guest: Listeners can contact the Career Development Services Helpline for further information and support. There are also online tools such as career/interest questionnaires and personality tests, from different career websites that could assist with gathering this information.

Professionals such as school guidance counsellors, career counsellors and psychologists can also assist with the decision making process.

Job Shadowing is also important. Job shadowing allows you to observe or “shadow” someone while they are doing their job. A job shadow can be as simple as an hour-long visit with one person, to an extended week-long stay, allowing interaction with numerous staff and observation of a variety of activities. When job shadowing you get a chance to see someone actually doing the job that is of interest to you. You also get to ask questions that you are curious about with regards to the job.

Presenter: What role can parents play in helping a learner/ student during the process of making a career choice?

Choosing a career impacts an individual‘s entire future, so parents need to be fully involved in their children’s career decisions because it can be very stressful.

Parental support is very crucial for the process of making career choices as a learner/student. Parents can be a positive influence in decisions affecting a young person's career choice, especially when the parents are well informed. Parents need to know which career their children would like to follow so that they can support them in choosing the right subjects as well as requesting family members, friends or church members who are in the same career field to assist with the advantages and disadvantages of the job. Parents should be cautioned against imposing their own goals on to their children or seeing their child’s accomplishments as a reflection on themselves. They should remember that their children have different goals, interest and skills. They should allow them to find out who they are and what they want to be in future.

Presenter: What role can a school play in assisting learners to make informed career choices?

The subject choice at the end of Grade 9 could determine the field of study learners can follow once they complete school. If learners do not select the correct combination of subjects, they could find themselves unable to meet the required admission requirements for certain qualifications in institutions of higher learning. The school can motivate learners to study hard because if they perform well in all subjects, they increase their options when applying at the institutions of higher learning.

Presenter: We thank you for sharing the information, any last words in closure for our listeners?

Guest: To make an informed career choice you will need to be aware of your interests, abilities, personality and values. It’s also important to consider your academic abilities and potential. Completing questionnaires related to these attributes will help guide you towards making an informed career choice. Doing thorough research about your career will assist you to learn more about the career field, the learning pathways involved, the education and training options available and opportunities within the labour market which you can explore.

Presenter: Thank you. Please provide us with the contact details that our listeners can use if they want assistance with making a career choice.

Guest: Our listeners can reach us through:

  1. SMS with your question or send a “please call me” to 072 204 5056, or
  2. Call 086 999 0123, which is a call share line, from Monday to Friday between 8:00am and 4:30pm,
  3. Email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ,
  4. Visit the CareerHelp website at ,
  5. Visit to our offices at 123 Francis Baard, Pretoria
  6. Facebook at
  7. Twitter at

To listen to Khetha podcasts, visit SABC Education platform at http://iono.fm/p/230

Closing Billboard: ‘This programme was brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training in partnership with SABC Education’.