Radio Stations: SABC Radio Stations
Topic: Preparing for exams
Original Script Written by: Abigail Baloyi
Programme Date: 5 – 8 November 2018
Target Audience: The general public
The objectives of this programme are:
The entire programme runs for 30 minutes; which includes Public Services announcements (PSAs).
Opening Billboard: ‘This programme is brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training in partnership with SABC Education’
Presenter: Good day and a warm welcome to all our listeners. It is time for another exciting episode of Khetha, brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET) in partnership with SABC Education. The season of exams is upon us. Most of us have families and relatives who are preparing for exams or have started already. October and November possibly bring a lot of anxiety to learners at schools and students at institutions of higher learning. We all have different study approaches and learning styles, but one thing common is exam preparation. Exams do not only affect the learner or the students but everyone (parents, guardians, siblings or our support structure).
All must tune in and listen attentively as we will be discussing exam preparation tips. For learners and students we will be providing valuable information and practical exam tips and for parents and guardians, the focus will be on how to support and encourage your loved ones during the examination period.
Presenter: Why is it important to talk about exam preparation?
Guest: One of the major reasons we are talking about exam preparation is that most learners do not succeed in their studies because they fail to plan and prepare adequately for their final examinations. Many learners also do not devote sufficient time to their studies; therefore we want to provide them with guidance on how to organize themselves in order to avoid the last minute rush before writing their examinations or during the examinations. We aim to guide and motivate learners as they prepare for their final examination because their results have a positive impact on their future careers. It does not matter whether you are still in lower grades or still in high school, the consistent excellent achievement will provide better opportunities for preparation to do well in grade 12 and beyond. Exam preparation starts when you take responsibility for own studying by knowing what will be required on the final examination and prepare to the best of your ability.
Presenter: What tips can listeners consider when preparing for exams?
Guest: It is important to note that most listeners have already started with the exams. Therefore we want to encourage you to fully prepare and be ready. One of the first things to remember before studying is to get your exam timetable in order to organise your study time. It makes no sense to study unorganised as this might lead to jamming everything up during the exam time. If you have not yet started studying or if you have done very little thus far, then you have probably been procrastinating. That means you have been putting off or delaying your studies unnecessarily. I will use the grade 12 (matric) final exam time – table as an example. The grade 12 exam time table is set well in advance to allow learners to prepare sufficiently. When you receive your final exam time- table you should:
Design your time management schedule/ Time- Table:
- Physical Sciences, has Physical Sciences (Physics) P (paper) 1 which means that you will be writing the physics part of Physical Sciences and the Physical Sciences (Chemistry) P (Paper) 2 means that you are writing the chemistry part of Physical Sciences.
- You should be aware of subjects that have both the theory part and the practical part such as Geography (Theory) P1 and Geography (Map work) P2 to make sure that you study and prepare for the right content
Presenter: There seems to be a high workload for learners during exam times; how can they manage the workload?
Guest: It is important to set study goals as per their study timetable and exam timetable. Learners can prioritise the subject that they find difficult or have more workload. If they are writing two subjects on the same day, they can prioritise the most difficult work first. It will make you feel better once you have completed some of the more difficult sections of your work first. For example, if you are writing isiZulu (HL) before Geography, you can start by studying Geography first.
Learners need to ensure that they follow and stick to their study timetable. The important thing is making the work manageable and then giving the work enough time.
Your timetable schedule should reflect a balance between study time, revision time and other important activities, for example, you can take some time out to relax with friends and family. However, you should not lose focus. Your studies always come first!
Presenter: Does it really matter where one studies? Is the study location important?
Guest: Yes it matters where you study; the space that you study in will determine your length of concentration and the ability to focus on your work. The following tips can be useful:
Presenter: How important it is to know one’s learning style when studying?
Guest: You are a unique learner. No one else learns in exactly the same way as you do. If you recognize your preferred style of learning, you can take the necessary steps on improving your study skills and prepare best for your exam by considering the following:
Presenter: What other study tips that you can share with listeners as you have mentioned that some listeners have already started with their examinations?
Guest: Being able to recall and apply the information studied is important because not only does it benefits you when you are writing exams but is crucial in today’s world. The following tips on how you can do this effectively:
and this, in turn, will boost your confidence and your interest.
Don't skip around between different subjects, instead, spend sufficient time with one subject, then study the others in separate study sessions.
Presenter: What other support can listeners use for exam preparation?
Guest: Old exam papers and memos are a great way to give yourself a head-start before sitting down and writing your exam. The papers also help learners to get used to the format and the type of questions that could be asked in the upcoming exams. Using study guides and extra materials found in newspapers, magazines or relevant websites will benefit listeners to fully prepare for exams. These papers can be downloaded from the relevant websites for free. Enquire and find out about the support that your school, department or institution is offering such as subject teachers/specialists and tutors who offer support with studies.
Presenter: Exams can come with a lot of pressure or stress, how can listeners deal with exam stress?
Guest: Final exams are a major event in one’s life, so it's only natural to feel anxious and stressed. Not only do you have to deal with your own expectations and fears, but also the expectations of your family, friends, and teachers. The problem is that these feelings, if not controlled, can have a detrimental effect on your preparation for and performance during the exams. Check your exam time-table regularly, study and prepare for the right exam. If you follow the advice we will offer you today, it will not be hard to get control of your emotions before or during the exams:
Exam stress can be a barrier or an aid to success depending on how you view or control it. The object is not to get rid of all stress during exam time because it is useful and necessary for you to perform at your optimum level. Control it! Do not panic. Be cool, calm and relaxed.
Presenter: How important it is for listeners to know and understand the examination writing process because in some instances we hear of students who arrive late or do not complete writing.
Guest: It is very important for our listeners to know what to do when the exam is near, the following exam writing strategies will assist them, the learner needs to consider the following, the night before the exam:
Presenter: How can listeners prepare on the exam day?
Guest: This is a big day that you have been preparing for, on the day of the exam, it is advisable for listeners to:
Presenter: What advice can you give to listeners specifically for the exam room?
Guest: Here are some important examination-writing strategies that are aimed at helping you to cope better when you are in the examination room:
the course of writing of the examination.
Presenter: How important is it to understand your question paper?
Guest: It is crucial to have an understanding of what is required of you when responding to questions; you can consider the following tips:
Previewing of the question paper:
Wisely plan your total allocated examination-writing time.
Multiple choice questions:
Data response/ application questions:
Ensure that you use the data sheets provided with the question paper effectively.
Essay type questions:
Make sure you write legibly/ neatly so that the marker can read your answers clearly.
Presenter: What tips can listeners consider before putting the pen down?
Guest: It is important to consider the following when you are about to finish the examination:
Presenter: What are the benefits of preparing for exams early?
Guest: There are many benefits to proper exam preparation because it prevents poor or low performance. Proper preparation enables you to achieve high marks and can help you get into your ideal institution of higher learning (College, University of Technology or University). Obtaining high marks or good results can also enable you to obtain financial assistance such as bursaries and scholarships that in most cases require academic excellence, for example, some occupations in high demand we spoke about a few weeks back requires you to have good results. You need to start early; the time to prepare for final examination begins on the first day of school. In terms of studying for exams, it is crucial to be consistent and this can be achieved when you start in the lower grades. To the grade 11 learners, your final exam report is crucial in enabling you obtaining possible admission at institutions of higher learning in your matric year (grade 12) next year when you apply. Whether you are still in primary, high school or at an institution of higher learning, the way you study is an important attitude to develop for future career success.
Presenter: Any last words inclosure for our listeners?
Guest: We want all listeners to do well in the examination. Remember there is no better time than now, defeat the anxiety and the pressure by starting to prepare right now. You can do it!
Presenter: Thank you. So how can one get in touch with you if they need further information?
Guest: For more information, our listeners can reach us through:
To listen to Khetha podcasts, visit SABC Education platform at HTTP://iono.fm/p/230
Closing Billboard “This programme was brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training”.