This week on Khetha #Week5

 Radio Stations: SABC Radio Stations
 Topic: Post-School Education and Training (PSET) Institutions
 Script Written by: Christa Rapoo
 Edited by: Nkosingiphile Nyalungu
 Programme Date: 5 – 8 February 2017
 Week: 5
 Target Audience: General public
Script Notes:
•    The programme is entitled: Post School Institutions
•    This script will be translated to other official languages and broadcast on 10 Broadcasting Services (PBS) radio stations.
•    The programme is characterised by the radio presenter and a guest from the Department of Higher Education and Training.
•    The radio presenter is the main anchor of the programme and he/she will control the activities on the programme.

The objectives of this programme are:
•    To familiarise listeners with the available Post school institutions
•    To explain programmes and requirements at different institutions: Universities, Universities of Technology and TVET colleges


The entire programme runs for 30 minutes; which includes Public Services announcements (PSAs).
Opening Billboard: ‘This programme is brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training in partnership with SABC Education.’


Programme Introduction
Presenter: Thank you for joining us for another informative episode of Khetha brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET) in partnership with SABC Education. We are joined in the studio by our guest speaker from the Department ********. Today we will be talking about Post-School Education and Training (PSET) Institutions. Our guest will enlighten and encourage learners to explore different study and learning options provided by institutions of higher learning.  Having this information will assist learners to make effective decisions on the relevant study options that will enable them to achieve their chosen career paths.  It’s good to have you on the show ********.
Guest: Thank you******. Greetings to you and the listeners!


Presenter: Please tell us; what exactly is the Post-School Education and Training (PSET) System?
Guest: The post school system comprises of all education and training provision for those who have completed high school, those who did not complete their schooling, and those who never attended high school. These include public and private Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Colleges, private Further Education and Training (FET) Colleges known as private colleges and public and private Community Education and Training Centres (CETCs). In addition, the Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs) support and facilitate workplace-based education and training through a range of learning programmes. As well as the bodies responsible for qualifications and quality assurance in the post-school system (South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) and the Quality Councils.
There are also public institutions offering formal higher education and training qualifications such as public nursing and agricultural colleges.
There are also quality councils responsible for the development and quality assurance of qualifications in their sub-frameworks of the National Qualifications Framework (NQF). There are three Quality Councils (QCs) for the three main sectors in education namely general and further education and training, higher education, and the occupational sector. Umalusi is the QC for General and Further Education and Training as provided for in the GENFETQA Amendment Act. The Council on Higher Education (CHE) is the QC for Higher Education as provided for in the Higher Education Amendment Act. The Quality Council for Trades and Occupations is the QC for occupations and is provided for in the Skills Development Amendment Act.


Presenter: Very interesting, now we know that the Post-School Education and Training (PSET) System comprises of different institutions. What are the different types of education and training institutions in South Africa?
There are different types of education and training institutions in South Africa.
Public higher education and training institutions are state-funded and established by the Department of Higher Education and Training by means of legislation and because they are established by law, they are deemed to be legitimate.
In accordance with the Higher Education Act (1997), private higher education and training institutions (both Higher Education Institutions and Colleges), of which many provide legitimate and valuable qualifications, are privately funded and are required by law to register with the Department of Higher Education and Training.


Presenter: How do these institutions differ in terms of the qualifications they offer?
Guest: The reason why we have different institutions of learning is mainly because of the nature of training and variety of programmes that they offer. The exit outcomes of different programmes and the way they are delivered lead to specific ways of practice in a particular occupation. It is important that students know that qualifications are registered on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF). The NQF is a system that ensures that qualifications are categorised, registered and to make sure that the qualifications we offer in South Africa are of good quality. The NQF helps identify what type of qualifications are offered by different institutions of learning and recognised across the country. For instance, we have different qualifications with different learning and exit outcomes. These are then categorised and registered in specific levels based on the learning achievement. Categorising aims to standardise qualifications and learning in different levels.
Therefore it is important that learners are well informed of the differences among these institutions so that they are able to choose effectively.
The following institutions offer these programmes:


1.    The College System:


1.1    Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Colleges: Offer courses that are vocational or occupational by nature meaning that the student receives education and training with a view towards a specific range of jobs, employment or entrepreneurial possibilities. TVET Colleges offer National Certificate Vocational (NCV) on NQF Level 2, 3 and 4, the Level 4 Certificate is equivalent to National Senior Certificate (matric). TVET colleges also offer N1-N6 (Nated) courses and skills programmes (Learnerships and Apprenticeships).  


1.2    Community Colleges are a new type of institution catering initially mainly for those who do not qualify for admission to TVET colleges or universities. These college target post-school youth and adults, who wish to raise the base for further learning, improve their skills for employability and/or progression to opportunities in the TVET colleges and university education. Community colleges offer programmes such as the Senior Certificate (Amended) and General Education and Training Certificate (GETC) – Adult Education and Training (AET) Level 4, qualification at Level 1 on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF).


1.3     Public Agricultural Colleges Offer agriculture related qualifications such as Diploma and higher certificate. For more information on application process, listeners are encouraged to contact the colleges.


1.4     Public Nursing Colleges: The Nursing Colleges offer Nursing Diploma qualifications. For more information on application process, listeners are encouraged to contact the colleges or the public hospitals in their area. The colleges always advertise the nursing opportunities annually in each province.


2.    University System


2.1    Universities: offer basic formative degrees such as Bachelor’s degree: Bachelor of Arts (BA) & Bachelor of Science (BSc), and professional undergraduate degrees such as Bachelor of Education Degree (BEd), Bachelor of Science (Eng) /BSc Eng and Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBChB). At postgraduate level, universities offer honours degrees, and range of masters and doctoral degrees.
2.2    Universities of Technology: offer mainly vocational or career‐focused undergraduate diplomas, and Bachelor of Technology (BTech) or postgraduate diploma qualification which serves as a capping qualification for diploma graduates. Universities of technology also offer limited number of masters and doctoral programmes.
2.3    Comprehensive Universities: offer programmes typical of university as well as programmes typical of university of technology. Programmes such as Higher Certificates, diploma and degree qualifications are offered at these institutions. For example one can study a higher certificate, Diploma and Degree course.


3.    SETA’s: They support and facilitate workplace-based education and training learning programmes such as Learnerships in various fields of engineering and services areas or apprenticeship opportunities for artisan training. They advertise for opportunities in the media and listeners are advised to consider the application requirements for each application.
Institutions of higher learning have specific entry requirements depending on what the learner wants to study. It is important for learners to apply on time.  A learner must call or visit the institution he/she wants to study with, especially during university open day’s events to get as much information for themselves on what certain fields of study entail, entry requirements, closing dates for applications and funding opportunities.


Presenter: What are the admission requirements for studying at the PSET Institutions?
Guest: The institutions have different entry requirements. There are generic or basic requirements to different level of qualifications required for programs they offer. Therefore learners need to check the stipulated admission requirements with the institutions they intend to study with to ensure that they know what the minimum requirements for their chosen course will be. The basic principle however, is that you need to have excellent results and exceed the minimum requirements as indicated by the institution of your choice.
For instance, the generic and minimum entry requirements to entry qualifications at institutions of higher learning are:
•    National Certificate (Vocational- at college) - a grade 9 school report or NQF level 1 qualification, such as GETC (AET level 4).
•    Higher or National Certificate- a National Senior Certificate (grade 12/matric) with admission to a diploma qualification
•    Diploma- a National Senior Certificate (Grade 12/matric) with admission to a diploma qualification.
•    Bachelor’s degree- a National Senior Certificate (Grade 12/matric) with admission to a bachelor’s degree programme.


To learners in grade 11 and 12; if you are planning to go to TVET College, university of technology or university you must ensure that you get good results that will allow you access to the programme of your choice. Another advantage of achieving excellent results is that you also stand a better chance of obtaining for funding for your studies.


Presenter: How long does it take to study for the qualifications offered at different institutions?
Guest: It really depends on what one is studying. Some certificate courses can be completed in one year, Diploma qualifications may be completed within two to three years and degree qualifications may take a minimum of three to four years of study. Postgraduate programmers range from a minimum of a year or two years to complete.


Presenter: It seems that high school results have a huge impact on accessing post-school opportunities. What advice can you give to our listeners who will be entering the PSET system?
Guest: For those who are still in high school, spend time with your books and work to achieve good marks and not just the minimum or average required by institutions. Plan and use strategies that will assist you to achieve your goals, e.g. have a study time table, follow your schedule and stop procrastinating. Give sufficient time to study for your tests, exams and to prepare for and work hard towards your assignments.  Submit your work on time and always put in extra work to your studies. Seek help and ask questions if you don’t understand something. Make use of the support structures around you such as your teachers, peers and even those that are ahead of you (e.g. If you are in grade 11 you can ask those who are in grade 12). There are many opportunities in the post school system so young people should take advantage of them to gain skills, experience and knowledge.


Presenter: Please tell us more about the importance of finding the necessary information and applying early. Can you please elaborate on this?
Guest: Usually young people do not make an effort to find out about qualifications offered at various higher institutions of learning beforehand. Planning for your future early is one of the most important things you can do as a learner. It is important that learners must seek information and advice now and ensure that they apply in time
Learners need to understand what their interests, strengths and abilities (what they are good at) are. As we will continue talking about higher education institutions, we encourage learners to make use of this opportunity and listen to the Khetha shows. This will enable them to make informed decisions based on the information acquired from the different Post-School Education and Training (PSET) institutions.


Presenter: What are the important pointers that you can give our listeners about post-school institutions?
Guest: It is important that the decision be well thought through:
•    Do your research and, collect relevant information before applying.
•    Your decision must be linked to long term career goals and planning.
•    Ensure that your decisions and choices are realistic and achievable.
To enable you to choose right; you need to be knowledgeable and have information before making any decisions.
It is very important - Don’t make decisions under pressure, especially peer pressure or just following the crowd. Think about how is the decision or choice going to benefit you as an individual. For instance; it is important to think about job prospects that are offered by that particular career or qualification. Lack of knowledge or effective research can lead to a lot of negative results, such as dropping out, poor performance to name a few.


Presenter: Any closing comments!
Guest: If you choose to study at a private college or private higher education institutions, make sure that the institution is registered with DHET and also check that the course you are interested in is accredited in order to avoid disappointments at the end of your studies.


Presenter: Thank you. So how can one get in touch with you if they need further information?
Guest: For more information our listeners can reach us through:
1.    SMS with your question or send a “please call me” to 072 204 5056, or
2.    Call 086 999 0123, which is a call share line, from Monday to Friday between 8:00am and 4:30pm,
3.    Email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,
4.    Visit to our offices at 123 Francis Baard, Pretoria
5.    Facebook at or,
6.    Twitter at


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Closing Billboard: ‘This programme was brought to you by the Department of Higher Education and Training in partnership with SABC Education’